Home / Appearance Testing Instruments / Haze Meters / Rhopoint ID In-line Transparent Appearance Analysis
rid-inline-product-check-glass

Why measure the appearance of transparent materials with an inline solution?

The functionality of a manufactured product or its perceived quality is often linked to its transparency. Matt shipping labels require good contact clarity which allows QR codes to be read on high-speed conveyor lines, while recycled salad trays are preferred with low haze so the consumer can appreciate the vibrant colours of packed vegetables.

To optimise and improve transparency, a constant inline measurement of key parameters is more efficient than occasional offline measurements. Instant feedback from an sensors allows fine tuning of a process, ultimately achieving a better-quality product, with measured consistency throughout every production run.

Materials with high optical quality have low visual impact on objects viewed through them. The material itself is visually unobtrusive and almost invisible to the observer.

A hazy material causes colour seen through the material to appear washed out or faded. The severity of this loss of contrast is often related to the size of the gap between the object and the material.

A material which blurs the view of objects has low sharpness- this effect can be directional causing a visible pattern to be seen in the material.

Materials with poor optical qualities are visually intrusive and can be described as milky or opalescent. Patterns and texture which may be visible in the material drastically blur viewed objects.

What is the Rhopoint ID-Inline?

The Rhopoint ID-Inline is a camera-based system which fully quantifies product transparency with parameters that are highly correlated to human perception.

rid-inline-what-step-01

Step 01

A backlit, high accuracy, reference target graticule functions as the viewed object, creating a highly defined pattern of light intensities with optimally sharp transitions between the backlit and masked areas.

Step 02

The camera works like the human eye quantifying changes in the transmission of the light caused by a test material.

rid-inline-what-step-02
rid-inline-what-step-03

Step 03

Measurement results and images can be viewed in the Rhopoint ID-L software or integrated into process control software using the Rhopoint TCP/IP protocol.

Versions of the Rhopoint ID-Inline

There are two versions of the Rhopoint ID-Inline. A short focal length version which has a separation distance of 45mm between the camera and graticule, or the long focal distance version which has a separation distance of 170mm.

rid-inline-version-short-focal

Short focal distance

The Rhopoint ID-Inline can be used for non-contact measurement of any sheeted or planar material - including plastic films, or glass. The Rhopoint ID-Inline can also be used for non-contact inline measurement of glass or plastic tubes.

rid-inline-version-long-focal

Long focal distance

This version is most suitable for production processes where the large focal distance is more suited to the customer production line.

rid-inline-product-measurement-station

Measurement Station

Either version can be incorporated into an inspection station for 3D parts or large sheets of plastic or glass.

Standard or extended clearance models are available to encompass a wide variety of parts and installation configurations.

What software integrations are available for the Rhopoint ID-Inline?

Flexible software allows single or multiple ID sensors to be combined with compatible measurement devices and tabulated in the Rhopoint ID laboratory software.

Using Rhopoint ID Software

Up to 5 ID units or compatible sensors can be connected to and controlled by the ID-L software. The instrument calculates batch statistics, detailed measurement images and displays trend graphs of all measurement parameters.

rid-inline-software-id

Using Rhopoint TCP/IP Client

Up to 10 Rhopoint ID-Inline units can be connected simultaneously to a SAP/process control package using the Rhopoint ID TCP/IP connection client. This solution allows independent remote control of each instrument, measurement data is exchanged using Rhopoint TCP/IP protocol.

The TCP/IP client is designed to facilitate fast efficient operation of multiple devices by the SAP/process control package. Up to 10 measurements per second are possible from each sensor. The client can be hosted on a local PC or server.

rid-inline-software-tcp

Haze = 0%

Haze = 30%

Measured parameters:
Haze

Haze: quantifies the loss of contrast for objects viewed through a material.

When a material has haze, it changes the appearance of both the material and any objects viewed through it. This can lead to a reduction in perceived quality.

  • The product viewed through the material appears lifeless and dull - but details remain sharp
  • The colour of a viewed object appears washed-out and faded
  • The material itself appears cloudy or milky.

What affects Haze?

Haze can be affected by factors such as the choice of resin, the moulding process and any surface textures. Haze can be caused by:

Raw material choice: For example, a plastic with an incorrect melt viscosity for a particular process.

Process parameters: Cooling a plastic material too quickly can introduce micro textures onto the surface of the film or structures in the bulk which reduce optical quality.

Machine wear: Wear and tear in moulds, chill rollers and slip dies can induce visible surface defects in the material.

rid-inline-product-haze
  • Haze is measured directly by evaluating contrast of black and white areas on graticule

  • Measurements made with the Rhopoint ID-Inline are fully comparable with those made on an ASTM D1003 hazemeter

  • Factory calibrated to ASTM standards for a quantitative match

Measured parameters:
Sharpness

Sharpness quantifies the loss of perceived detail for objects viewed through a material.

What are the effects of reduced Sharpness?

When viewed through a material with high sharpness, an object appears sharp and distinct. As material sharpness decreases, the object appears blurry and obscured.

Berries - High Sharpness

High Sharpness
(S = 98.71%)

High Sharpness - 98.71 Graticule
Berries - Medium Sharpness

Medium-High Sharpness
(S = 76.34%)

High Sharpness - 76.34 Graticule
Berries - Medium Low Sharpness

Medium-Low Sharpness
(S = 49.62%)

High Sharpness - 49.62 Graticule
Berries - Low Sharpness

Low Sharpness
(S = 18.02%)

Low Sharpness - 18.02 Graticule

Anisotropic Sharpness. Only available with Rhopoint ID-L version.

A material can often exhibit optical effects which are directional. These phenomena are often induced in plastic parts by specific processing faults.

Visible texture is a common feature of plastic films and causes a significant reduction in their see- through quality.

Directional Effects

The Rhopoint ID is the only instrument that can measure directional effects in materials using the ID laboratory analysis software.

The images to the right show the visual impact of different ID Sharpness (S) values in vertical and horizontal directions.

Measuring directional effects can be used in advanced optical quality control and for adjusting processing parameters to obtain optimal transparency.

Berries - Anistrophic

Horizontal

SV = 95%
SH = 70%

Sharpness - 99.86 Horizontal Blur
Berries - Anistrophic

Vertical

SV = 80%
SH = 95%

Sharpness - 99.86 Vertical Blur
rid-inline-product-clarity
  • ID sharpness gives improved measurement resolution compared with clarity
  • ID Clarity is fully compatible with existing instruments

Note: Clarity and Sharpness do NOT capture poor optical characteristics associated with wavy/orange peel surfaces

Measured parameters:
Clarity

Quantifies the blurriness of an object when viewed through a material.

Results are proportionate with Sharpness, but the measurement scale is compressed and the measurement resolution is reduced.

Clarity is a scale used by traditional haze and clarity meters. When measured using the 8mm adaptor plate, Rhopoint ID Clarity data conforms to specifications written for these meters.

Inter-instrument Clarity agreement between Rhopoint ID and traditional sphere instruments for commercial plastic films (<1000μm) is typically <0.4% C (SD).

Inter-instrument Clarity agreement between traditional sphere instruments and Rhopoint ID for thick transparent plastic materials (<6mm) is typically <0.5% C (SD).

Bowl of Salad

High clarity

high-clarity
Bowl of Salad - Graticule - 8mm Distance

Medium clarity

medium-clarity
Bowl of Salad - Graticule - 30mm Distance

Low clarity

low-clarity
ID Powerpoint v2 (1)

ID Sharpness measurement
Better measurement resolution than clarity.

ID Clarity
Compatible measurement with existing measurements.

Measured parameters:
Visible Transmittance

When considering how material is perceived by a consumer it is important to consider how bright an object viewed through it will appear.*

rid-inline-product-transmittance
rid-inline-diagram-visible-transmittance

Visible Transmission to human observer

  • Rhopoint Transmittance (TID) quantifies the amount of light passing through the material and reaching the camera/eye of the observer.
  • This measurement describes the brightness/ luminosity of the viewed object and is correlated to how one perceives the quality of the material.
Transmission Diagram
Visible Transmittance 96%
Visible Transmittance
96%
Visible Transmittance 56%
Visible Transmittance
56%

*Traditional hazemeters measure total transmission which is related to light absorption not visual perception

Applications

Rhopoint ID-Inline Sensor

rid-inline-product-version-inline

Continuous measurement of in-line process including:

Film

Blown films

Analyse surface roughness and bulk irregularities of packaging films. Optimise distance related see- through quality.

rid-inline-application-cast-film

Cast or extruded films

A single Rhopoint ID-Inline sensor can be translated across a film web or multiple sensors placed at intervals

rid-inline-application-glass-sheet

Glass sheets

Rhopoint ID-Inline sensor and light source are independent and can be placed over a large measurement area

Science tubes arranged on the shelf.

Tubes and Pipes

Glass, plastic or silicone pipes and tubing with a diameter >6mm

Rhopoint ID-Inline Inspection Station

rid-inline-product-version-station

Recommended for large object measurements including:

rid-inline-application-windscreen

Windscreens

Analyse wiper wear resistance (wiper resistance test - ISO 12-103-1 A4) on automotive windscreen glass.

rid-inline-application-large-sheet

Large sheets of material

The IDTX sensor can be built into a large bespoke measurement station
allowing large sheets of plastic or glass to be measured easily

rid-inline-application-3d-opject

3D objects

3D objects such as visors or transparent trays that are too large to be easily measured on the bench-top ID can be measured using a bespoke inspection station

Sensor features

The Rhopoint ID has been designed to measure samples for haze, transmittance and sharpness quickly and safely.

Solid State Icon

No moving parts

Eliminates risk of mechanical failure

Small Icon

High sampling rate 10/s

Highly representative measurement throughout production run

rid-sensor-features-light-source

Fully sealed light source

No chance of dust/dirt contamination

rid-inline-product-sensor-features

Run as a laboratory system

Single or multiple Rhopoint ID-Inline sensors can be used with IDTX-L software with image analysis and project saving capabilities.

Connect to SAP/PLC

Connect to internal systems for full product control -ready for industry 4.0.

Networkable

Connect to Rhopoint ID-Inline sensors from any PC on the same network -access live images using Rhopoint ID software.

Short focal distance – 45mm
Long focal distance – 170mm

rid-sensor-features-sensors

Single or multiple sensors

Flexible installation options allow multiple sensor installation

rid-sensor-features-easy-install

Single or multiple sensors

Flexible installation options allow multiple sensor installation

rid-inline-product-version-station

Rhopoint ID Integration design pack

  • Integration instructions
  • Sensor CAD drawing
  • Example fixing bracket CAD file
  • Example inspection table CAD file
  • Example inspection table parts list with supplier information

Specifications

Sharpness Haze Waviness Clarity Transmission
Range 0-100% 0-10% 10-100% 0-500μm 0-100%
Resolution 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
Repeatability SD 0.1 0.05 0.05 0.4 0.03 0.05
Reproducibility SD 1 0.2 0.5 0.8 0.3
Inter-instrument Agreement Rhopoint ID vs
Traditional haze and clarity instrument*
N/A 0.5 0.5 N/A 0.4 N/A
Effective operating range Materials T > 50% Materials T>50% Materials T>50%

*Typical values- packaging film <1000μm

Details
Material Thickness <30mm
Software Rhopoint ID-Analysis or TCP/IP Client
Connection POE LAN
Spatial Resolution 9μm / pixel
Measurement image 12.5mm x 12.5mm
Minimum measurement area (Haze, Sharpness) 12x8mm
Minimum measurement area (Transmittance) 12x8mm
Image Format 16 Bit Tiff
Image Size 1400x1400
Operating Temperature 10-40°C
Dimensions Short focal distance - 270mm (H) x100mm (W) x100mm (L)
Long focal distance - 440mm (H) x 100mm (W) x 100mm (L)
Weight 1.1 Kg
Packed Weight 5.0 Kg
Power Power Over Ethernet (POE)
Product Included accessories Order code
Rhopoint ID In-line
Short Focal Distance, 45mm
Haze check standard, USB stick with software and licence, power connector, value = 10% A3100-101
Rhopoint ID In-line
Long Focal Distance, 170mm
Haze check standard, USB stick with software and licence, power connector, value = 10% A3100-100
Individual check standards 10% or 20% 10% - B3100-005

20% - B3100-006
Calibration standards set 1, 5, 10, 20, 35 B3100-007
Transmission check standard 70% B3100-008

Try before you buy

We offer two options for you to try out the Rhopoint ID technology before buying.

Online demonstration: Online presentation of the Rhopoint ID technology with your samples measured LIVE on Zoom, TEAMS or Skype. Includes consultation with an application specialist.

Factory sample testing: Send in samples of your material for testing and receive a comprehensive test report.

*Online demonstrations with the Rhopoint ID-Inline aren’t available due to practicality purposes, however we can offer a presentation using it’s desktop equivalent; the Rhopoint ID.